Nothing can rival the spectacle of nature and the natural world on the move. Migration is a pageant dictated by the rhythms of the seasons and by the fight for survival on planet earth. Here are seven of the best, picked by Max, founder of Eco Companion, an ethical travel company that makes it fun, easy and inspiring for us all to become custodians of the natural world and take unforgettable eco holidays that help to protect and preserve habitats and bio diversity. We hope you enjoy the visual feast. Where will your ethical wanderings take you next?
Max says – ‘Great migrations in all their forms are great examples of the epic side of the natural world!’ We couldn’t agree more.
With a wingspan of 3 – 4” and sunset orange colouring, the Monarch Butterfly is one of the most colourful migrations on our short list. No single butterfly ever actually manages the entire journey. On average it takes 3 to 4 generations to make the lengthy trip across the entirety of the U.S.
Did you know? One of the main theories on how the butterfly finds its way is by using the magnetic field of the earth as its guide!
See it live: Santa Barbara in February is a popular choice – huge flocks have just finished mating and are starting their journey. But you’ll stand a good chance as far back as October. Eco Companion’s very own Reef and Rainforest Tours has the perfect trip
This little fish numbers in the billions when their migration is triggered by a drop in temperature; heading from the south eastern point of the African continent up the eastern coast of South Africa. This huge concentration also leads to one of the biggest gatherings of marine predators, all hoping to take advantage of the opportunity.
Did you know? The normally friendly dolphin is actually one of the biggest dangers to the sardine. They use their higher intelligence to tactically gather the sardines into ‘bate balls’, where they are rounded up in tight packs. This causes a feeding frenzy for the dolphins, a variety of shark species and many other game fish.
See it live: Any time between May – July along the east coast of South Africa to experience this natural phenomenon. Search for southern Africa for a trip to see it now.
The wildebeest migration has to be the most famous on our list. It’s the largest in terms of pure size in the world, 1.5m Wildebeest and around 300,000 Zebra along for the ride! The herd starts from Tanzania’s Serengeti Plains heading north to Kenya’s Masai Mara National Reserve.
Did you know? Although their swarming can seem chaotic, a theory has emerged that the wildebeest has ‘swarm intelligence’. This is where they collectively analyse and overcome challenges like a deep river or predators through repetitively challenging the obstacle through pure numbers. They then just take the path of least resistance.
See it live: Around July time, the wildebeest are quite far into their journey and hit one of their biggest challenges in the strong currents of the Grumeti River. The Grumeti Serengeti tented camp offers the best chance of seeing this event up close:
The arctic tern is probably the one you’re least likely to have heard of, yet it holds the number one title for distance covered in a migration. This elegant little bird, with its ‘mask of zoro’ black head, covers 56,000 miles from its arctic mating ground to its Antarctic wintering ground and back again each year!
Did you know? The average distance covered by an artic tern across its life could get you to the moon and back!
See it live: In the summer months between May and June, you can find large numbers along a lot of the west and north coast of the UK. Visit the Arctic…
Made famous by the recent blockbuster ‘Happy Feet’, the emperor penguin’s reality is somewhat tougher than it’s made out to be. Their migration leads them, from their feeding grounds in the more southern warmer waters, north for 60 to 100 miles in to the icy chiller of the Antarctic.
Did you know? The average male emperor penguin has to bear temperatures as low as -50°C, and winds up to 125mph, for 115 days straight while holding their egg. The average Brit, on the other hand, struggles to hold back a complaint at anything below 20°C and anything above 24°C…
Our penultimate is not just one of the great migrators but also the largest fish in the world. Reaching up to 40 feet in length, these animals live entirely off plankton, krill, shrimp, larvae and algae by filtering the ocean water. They exist in a variety of different oceans around the world and their exact migratory routes are still somewhat of a mystery. One recent area of research has focused on the coast of Quintana Roo, Mexico, where over 800 gather each year to feed on the high concentrations of plankton in the warm waters.
Did you know? Each whale shark has a unique pattern of white spots across its body that allows each animal to be identified just like a human’s fingerprint!
See it live: They’re remarkably docile and so easy to see up close and personal. If you fancy swimming with Whale Sharks why not try it here.
Golden cow-nose rays glide effortlessly through the water – they’re regularly described as one of the most graceful creatures in the ocean. This visual impact is only heightened when they reach groups, or ‘fevers’, of over 10,000 during their migration from Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula across to Western Florida.
Did you know? As well as graceful, they’re also potentially deadly. With a venomous razor-sharp spine that can stretch out 15 inches back do be careful. Don’t go thinking they’re the same breed as those in the London Aquarium that we all experienced nervously stroking as a child!
See it live: You can be in with a chance of seeing one almost anywhere in the Gulf of Mexico. There are two times of year in particular that you have a chance of seeing the golden cow-nose ray, during either their northern migration to the summer feeding grounds in late spring or alternatively their southern migration in autumn. Search for your expedition here.
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For more info on Eco Companion visit – www.ecocompanion.com
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